Need help now? Dial 911
National Human Trafficking Resource Center
United States:1 (888) 373-7888 Text: 233733

Rescue One Foundation: (323) 5 HELP ME / (323) 543-5763

What is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery. This crime occurs when a trafficker uses force, fraud or coercion to control another person for the purpose of engaging in commercial sex acts or soliciting labor or services against his/her will.

If the victim is a child under the age of 18 any commercial sex act qualifies as human trafficking. No other factor is necessary to be considered trafficking.

​​​Warning Signs

Common Work and Living Conditions:

The Individual(s) in Question

•Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes
•Is under 18 and is providing commercial sex acts
•Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp / manager
•Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips
•Works excessively long and/or unusual hours
•Is not allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work
•Owes a large debt and is unable to pay it off
•Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his/her work
•High security measures exist in the work and/or living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)

Poor Mental Health or Abnormal Behavior

•Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, nervous or paranoid
•Exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior after bringing up law enforcement
•Avoids eye contact

Poor Physical Health

•Lacks health care
•Appears malnourished
•Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture

Lack of Control

•Has few or no personal possessions
•Is not in control of his/her own money, no financial records, or bank account
•Is not in control of his/her own identification documents (ID or passport)
•Is not allowed or able to speak for themselves (a third party may insist on being present and/or translating)


•Claims of just visiting and inability to clarify where he/she is staying/address
•Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or do not know what city he/she is in
•Loss of sense of time
•Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story